Ag shippers share more concerns about U.S. West Coast ports

Port productivity (or lack thereof) is becoming a key issue in the current negotiations for a new labor contract covering nearly 20,000 dockworkers.

By ·

As we reported yesterday, the Agriculture Transportation Coalition (AgTC), says there are several compelling reasons why U.S. West Coast ports are facing “critical” challenges.  Port productivity is becoming a key issue in the current negotiations for a new labor contract covering nearly 20,000 dockworkers.

Here are a few more points made by Peter Friedmann, Executive Director, AgTC:

*Some Eastern and Gulf ports lift containers at the pace of 42 per hour - significantly faster than the average at U.S. West Coast ports.

*Puget Sound and Southern California ports enjoy virtually unlimited navigation channel depth, and Oakland has been dredged to 50+ feet. But this advantage is being lost as East and Gulf coast ports are now being dredged sufficiently deep to handle the latest generation of mega container ships.

*Canada and Mexico are not sitting still. Vancouver and Prince Rupert British Columbia enjoy locations closest to North Asia manufacturing centers, as well as to the fastest growing consumer market for U.S. exports of food and fiber, Asia. Imports via Prince Rupert arrive to Midwest distribution centers days faster than imports from the U.S. West Coast. They enjoy service by Canadian railroads which have demonstrated ambitions to significantly grow their market share, as reflected in their rates and service. This has already proven attractive to U.S. importers in the Midwest.

*It remains unclear if the Panama Canal will divert cargo and ships from the West Coast to the East and Gulf Coast ports closer to the U.S. population centers. But we know that it will be a new option. Thus far, most of the analysis has been on import cargo. However, recent analysis has indicated that the Panama Canal could be economically viable for agriculture exports to China.

*The energy boom creates new business for Burlington Northern and Union Pacific railroads to carry oil, gas, coal from the Midwest to West Coast, destined for Asian markets. This is creating rail capacity competition against container and hopper car traffic. Will this make access to and from Asia for containerized imports and exports through West Coast ports problematical?

*Since 9/11, the U.S. government has continuously imposed new documentation and inspection requirements on cargo entering and leaving the United States. This puts enormous pressure on US importers, exporters and ocean carriers to obtain, organize and submit information much earlier in the shipping process than has been the case previously. The delays and penalties for mistakes are draconian. This is imposing costs on U.S. exporters and importers that are not borne by our foreign competitors. While the scrutiny applies whether cargo moves through West Coast, East Coast or Gulf Coast ports, it does not apply to cargo transiting Canadian, Mexican or most other ports around the world. This is already creating a powerful incentive for foreign buyers to look to suppliers in Brazil and other countries where exported cargo is not subject to such intense regulatory mandates and penalties - leading to less cargo transiting U.S. ports.

“While not all of these factors are immediately impacting West Coast cargo volume, all of them loom as threats to permanently divert cargo from West Coast terminals,” Friedmann says.

That would not be in the interests of either imports or exports. If unchecked, they will limit agriculture export access to global markets, and cargo volume for your terminals and jobs.


About the Author

Patrick Burnson, Executive Editor
Patrick Burnson is executive editor for Logistics Management and Supply Chain Management Review magazines and web sites. Patrick is a widely-published writer and editor who has spent most of his career covering international trade, global logistics, and supply chain management. He lives and works in San Francisco, providing readers with a Pacific Rim perspective on industry trends and forecasts. You can reach him directly at [email protected]

Subscribe to Logistics Management Magazine!

Subscribe today. It's FREE!
Get timely insider information that you can use to better manage your entire logistics operation.
Start your FREE subscription today!

Article Topics

Container · Exports · Shipping · All Topics
Latest Whitepaper
The Benefits of Shared Transportation & Supply Chain Networks
In this new digital issue, the editors of Logistics Management have gathered four feature articles designed to help mangers break away from traditional, “transactional” relationships and move toward integrated provider partnerships for freight transportation.
Download Today!
From the August 2016 Issue
A growing number of low-cost lift trucks offer new avenues for pairing equipment and applications, but less cautious buyers might find that small up-front costs come at a steep price. Selecting the proper lift truck, lift truck tips 2016, Choosing the right Lift Truck
Megatrends in ocean freight
Ocean Cargo Roundtable: What’s in store for 2017?
View More From this Issue
Subscribe to Our Email Newsletter
Sign up today to receive our FREE, weekly email newsletter!
Latest Webcast
Getting the most out of your 3PL relationship
Join Evan Armstrong, president of Armstrong & Associates, as he explains how creating a balanced portfolio of "Top 50" global and domestic partners can maximize efficiency and mitigate risk.
Register Today!
EDITORS' PICKS
2016 Quest for Quality: Winners Take the Spotlight
Which carriers, third-party logistics providers and U.S. ports have crossed the service-excellence...
Regional ports concentrate on growth and connectivity
With the Panama Canal expansion complete, ocean cargo gateways in the Caribbean are investing to...

Digital Reality Check
Just how close are we to the ideal digital supply network? Not as close as we might like to think....
Top 25 ports: West Coast continues to dominate
The Panama Canal expansion is set for late June and may soon be attracting more inbound vessel calls...