IATA reports tepid air cargo growth
November 06, 2012
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) announced global traffic results for September showing a continued slowdown in the rate of traffic growth.
Cargo demand was 0.6% above the level of September 2011.
The minor 0.6% year-on-year growth posted for air cargo is less significant than the 0.6% fall in air freight volumes between August and September which is more indicative of the trend, noted IATA analysts. This is the second notable month-on-month fall in air freight growth in as many months. This has eroded the stability in volumes achieved earlier in 2012. Capacity was trimmed 0.6% compared to year-ago levels. This strengthened the freight load factor slightly to 45.6% from 45.1% a year ago.
“A ‘two-speed’ recovery is emerging into a ‘multi-speed’ reality. Carriers in China, Latin America and the Middle East are growing strongly,” said Tony Tyler, IATA’s Director General and CEO. “Europe’s airlines are experiencing profitless growth in a strategy to manage high fixed costs and taxes.”
IATA observed that in Africa, the challenge is to turn growth opportunities into profits. But for North American airlines the focus is on tightly managing capacity in order to optimize profits in a slow to no-growth environment. Asia-Pacific carriers outside of China are a mixed bag. Robust growth in China is being tempered by faltering markets in Japan and India.”
“Putting regional diversity aside, the fact that airlines are making any money at all with weak markets and high fuel prices is a tribute to their strong business performance, as evidenced by maintaining global load factors close to 80% since the start of 2012” said Tyler. “Even with that, airlines are expected to eke out a global net profit margin of only 0.6%. It’s a tough year.”
Brandon Fried, executive director of the Washington D.C.-based Airforwarders Association, said his constituents were seeing “relatively flat-to-modest increases in air cargo traffic in the next two months.
“However, many of our members focusing on niche markets including healthcare, oil and gas and manufacturing are seeing sizable demand for their services,” said Fried.
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